The plant life cycle consists of four stages: seed, sprout, small plant and adult plant. When the seed is planted in the soil with water and sun, it will begin to grow until it becomes a small sprout. Plants are living beings, they grow and reproduce like any other living being. They follow a cyclical process of starting a new life, growing up and then returning to the initial stage (reproduction).
Plants start their life from seeds and grow into mature plants. Most plants start their life as a seed. The seed is buried in the soil by various methods, where it germinates and the first leaves of the plant, called seedlings, begin to appear. After that, further growth begins and the plants reach maturity, where they pollinate and give seeds so that their species continues to survive, starting the life cycle again.
The seeds are very similar to the babies of animals. The seeds contain the plant embryo with the necessary food and an outer layer for protection. Seeds are dispersed throughout the earth in many ways, such as moving water, wind, animals and humans. When they fall into the soil rich with the necessary things, such as water and the right temperature, they germinate and begin their journey through life.
When soil conditions are right, the seed germinates. First, it breaks the outer coating and begins to grow its first roots and leaves. When a seed's first sign of life appears outside the soil, it's called a seedling. As soon as the roots and leaves appear, they begin their work, that is,.
Roots absorb water and nutrients, and leaves produce food through photosynthesis. The seedling continues to grow until it reaches full maturity. The plant needs a lot of necessary things during its growth (do you see how the plants grow?). When plants mature, they must have stronger roots and a greater number of branches and leaves.
At this stage, they are ready to make flowers and new seeds. When plants mature, they begin to make flowers. A flower contains male and female parts; the male part is called stamen and the female part is called pistil. Pollen is produced in the stamen part and needs to reach the pistil for seed production.
Pollen usually reaches pistils from insects that settle on flowers to suck sweet liquids. When pollen reaches pistils, it fertilizes the cells inside them and produces seeds. After seed production, plants need a way to disperse them in favorable places where they can germinate and begin their life cycle. Most of the time, nature does the job of dispersing plants through winds, moving water, and animals.
But there are also plants whose seeds are surrounded by fibers that help them slide through the air when they fall from the plant. During their flight, they reach very distant distances and begin their lives far away from their mother plants. Plants start their life as tiny seeds. The seeds contain a plant with leaves, stem and roots.
The first step a seed takes on its path is germination. Germination is when the plant inside the seed begins to grow with the help of water, soil and the sun. As the process continues, the plant develops stems and roots. The stems are pushed into the light.
Roots grow in the ground. Leaves unfold, absorb sunlight and produce food through photosynthesis. The plant then begins to develop flowers. Many plants produce flowers that are important for producing seeds.
The flowers are pollinated when pollen from the stamen moves toward the pistil. When they enter a flower, the pollen attaches to their bodies and is carried to the female parts when they land on that part of the plant. Phosphorus is in high demand at the beginning of a plant's reproductive cycle, that is, the transition from leaf growth to bud formation. The stages that plants go through go from seed to shoot, then through vegetative, budding, flowering and maturation stages.
All living species, whether plants, animals, birds or insects, go through a growth process, increasing in size. This graphic shows how a plant (in this case, a tomato) develops and highlights the changing nutrient needs of plants as they grow. Nitrogen is a key component of chlorophyll, the green pigment in plants, making it the essential nutrient when its energy is focused on the growth of stems and foliage. Potassium plays a major role in the production and transport of the sugars and starches that plants use as they develop healthy flowers and fruits.
As plant roots develop and spread, an increase in well-balanced and rapidly absorbed nutrients drives rapid growth from a thin seedling to a healthy one. The plant produces food to continue growing through a process known as photosynthesis, and the ability to do so is acquired as the first leaves appear. The lifespan of plants can be as short as a few weeks or months, but they undergo distinctive changes as they grow, just as people do. Mitosis and meiosis divide haploid and diploid cells in the plant life cycle, resulting in haploid and diploid plant bodies.
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