Most experts believe that the best way to orient garden rows in the Northern Hemisphere is from north to south. This provides the greatest exposure to the sun and allows ample air circulation. When crops are planted from east to west, the rows tend to shade each other. Plant vegetables from colder climates first, such as broccoli, cabbage, onions, lettuce, spinach, carrots, and beets.
These crops will do well in colder spring weather, but growth deteriorates rapidly as it warms up. To get started, here are 10 steps recommended by the National Gardening Association. Vegetables are divided into two general groups: warm season and cold season. Cold-season crops can withstand lower temperatures; sow before the soil warms up in spring.
They can also be planted in late summer to harvest after the first fall frost. As a general rule, place tall vegetables on the back of the bed, medium-sized ones in the center, and smaller plants in the front or as a border. Consider adding pollinating plants to attract beneficial insects that can not only help you get a better harvest, but will also take advantage of garden pests. Other methods of disease prevention include growing plant varieties classified as resistant to diseases and changing the location of plants every year (crop rotation) to reduce the accumulation of populations by disease-causing microbes.
If you plant the tallest vegetables on the south side, their shadow will be cast over the next row or two. Other vegetables, such as carrots, radishes and corn, can be harvested only once and then need to be replanted. Like water, soil, light and other growing conditions, plants can have very different needs to be able to plant them at the best time. The only way to know for sure is to use a gardening calendar that calculates the first expected date and the last average date of the last frost in a specific area; this will help determine the planting time for each plant.
Vine plants, such as melons, pumpkins and cucumbers, enjoy being planted close to corn, as they enjoy a little more shade than many other garden staples and also use the stems to entangle. Vegetables such as tomatoes, peppers, and squash are kept throughout the season, so you may not need a lot of plants to meet your needs. In areas where vegetables grow very well, as long as there is no unusually late frost shortly after planting (when the plant is still young and vulnerable). They contain very small, densely compact particles that retain moisture, but do not leave much air space for plant roots.
Now, add the names of the plants you want to grow to the garden planner, making sure to leave enough space between each one. The amount that should be planted depends on the size of the family, the expected production, and whether or not you plan to freeze or canned.